PREVENT DEATHS BY FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
According to researchers, low fruit consumption in 2010 caused nearly 1.8 million deaths from cardiovascular disease, while low vegetable consumption caused 1 million deaths.
The most serious effects were observed in countries with the lowest average fruit and vegetable consumption by age group among the largest adults and by sex among men.
“Fruit and vegetables are an editable part of the diet that can lead to preventable deaths around the world,” said Victoria Miller, lead author of the study and postdoctoral fellow at the Friedman School of Science and Medicine. Politics at the University. Tufts. “Our results show that the population must strive to increase global fruit and vegetable consumption.”
Fruits and vegetables are good sources of fiber, potassium, magnesium, antioxidants and phenols, which have been shown to lower blood pressure and cholesterol. Fresh fruits and vegetables also improve the health and variety of good bacteria in the digestive tract. People who consume more of these foods are also less likely to be overweight or obese, which reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
“These results show that the scope for increasing the availability and consumption of protective foods such as fruits, vegetables and legumes needs to be expanded, which is a positive message with enormous potential for improving global health.”
Based on dietary recommendations and studies on cardiovascular risk factors, researchers defined optimal fruit intake at 300 grams per day, which is equivalent to about two small apples. Optimum intake of vegetables, including legumes, was set at 400 grams per day or about three cups of raw carrots