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Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in your blood. Your body needs cholesterol to build healthy cells, but high levels ofcholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease.

High cholesterol results in developing fatty deposits in your blood vessels. As a result flow of blood to our arteries becomes difficult. Fatty deposits in arteries when breaks forms clots causing heart attack or stroke.
If you are 20 or older, the American Heart Association recommends that you check your cholesterol level at least every four to six years. Your total cholesterol is the total amount of cholesterol in your blood. It contains LDL and HDL cholesterol. High cholesterol is particularly dangerous if LDL levels are too high and HDL levels are too low
Symptoms of high cholesterol
In most cases, hypercholesterolemia is a “silent” problem. Usually, it does not cause any symptoms. Many people do not know they have high cholesterol levels until they develop serious complications, such as a heart attack or stroke. That’s why routine cholesterol screening is so important.
Causes of high cholesterol

Eating too much high cholesterol, saturated fats and foods with trans-fat can increase your chances of developing high cholesterol.

Other lifestyle factors can also contribute to high cholesterol levels. These factors include inactivity and smoking.

Your genetics can also affect your chances of high cholesterol. Risk factors for hypercholesterolemia.
Factors causing  higher risk of developing high cholesterol

Overweight or obese Being overweight or being obese is very common cause of high cholesterol. Controlling weight and obesity can guard against high cholesterol.

Bad diet – Eating saturated fat( animal products,) and trans fats(commercially baked cookies and crackers and microwave popcorn, can raise your cholesterol level. Red meat and full-fat dairy products, will also increase your cholesterol.

Do not exercise regularly Exercise helps boost your body’s HDL, or “good,” cholesterol . It increases the size of the particles that make up your LDL- “bad,” cholesterol, which makes it less harmful.

Smoking tobaccoCigarette smoking damages the walls of your blood vessels, making them more prone to accumulate fatty deposits. It may also lower your level of HDL, or “good,” cholesterol.

Family history of high cholesterol – Genetic factors are also important in many cases of people having high cholesterol.

Diabetes High blood sugar is very harmful. It helps in developing bad cholesterol. It also damages the lining of your arteries.

People of all ages, genders and ethnic groups may have high cholesterol levels. High cholesterol can cause the build-up of plaque in the arteries. Over time, this plaque can shrink the arteries. This condition is called atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is a serious disease. It can limit the flow of blood in your arteries. It also increases your risk of developing dangerous blood clots.
Atherosclerosis can lead to many life-threatening complications, for example: – Cancers,  Heart attack ,angina (chest pain) ,high blood pressure, peripheral vascular disease ,chronic kidney disease.

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