Antibiotics side effects
An antibiotic side effect is defined as an unwanted reaction that occurs in addition to the desirable therapeutic action of the antibiotic. Like any drug, antibiotic side effects can occur and may interfere with the patient’s ability to tolerate and finish the course of medication.
Antibiotics are now more commonly prescribed all over the world. These are mainly used for treating bacterial infections or rather all sorts of infections.
Antibiotics user does have side effects; though not life threatening many are generating feeling of discomfort in the patients. Though the side effects differ from person to person and also the drugs specified, following are many common side effects of antibiotics.
1.Digestive problems – Many patients have various types of digestive disorders and gastrointestinal issues like diarrea, vomiting, nausea. Antibiotics related diarrhoea is serious issue and can be coped with drinking plenty of water or fluids and avoiding high fibre foods. Sometimes a very serious condition appears as a result of killing of good bacteria in the gut and overgrowing of bad bacteria at the same time. It leads to dehydration requiring instant hospitalization. At times there are complaints of bloating and cramping due to overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine.
2. Headaches – It is another very common side effect of antibiotics. Many a times these are temporary but not very serious type.
3. Sun sensitivity – Some antibiotics are sensitive to sun and even few minutes exposure to sun can result in various skin problems like sunburns, blistering or peeling, red and itchy scars. People should use sun screen to protect their skin. People should avoid exposure to direct sun between 10.a.m. to 2 p.m.
4. Drug interactions – is another more important health problems associated with use of antibiotics. Blood thinners, antacids, anti-inflammatory drugs often interact with the antibiotics
Long term use of antibiotics results in upsetting the bacterial balance found in woman’s vagina. It results in changing her pH and contributes to yeast infections.
5.Tooth staining – Some research indicate that use of tetracycline antibiotics causes permanent staining or discoloration of children’s permanent teeth. Hence warning signals are prescribed on its use in children below age of 8.
6. Tendonitis – Drugs known as fluoroquinolones in the treatment of pneumonia, bronchitis or urinary tract infections causes more and more serious side effects- including damage to the tendons, which connect muscle to bone and also pain, injury or rupturing. As a result it is recommended that fluoroquinolones be used only as a last resort drug.